This website provides information on the development of the Republic of Ireland's road network. It serves as an archive of the progress made in developing a motorway network over the last few decades, and also has updates on new road schemes nationwide.

Details of the current situation are given on the Current Road Programme page (list view), which includes all roads programmed for the next few decades. Below can be found various maps and news items.

The Futures page has a wishlist of projects that would be useful in the long term, and for curiosity's sake, there is also a map of the old network of Trunk and Link roads that predated the modern N(ational) and R(egional) system.

Current Road Programme

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Current road building programme (since end 2015) with more information in list format. Schemes under construction are marked with a red star. Use the link under the map to open in a full screen.

Road Programme (2005 to 2015)

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Schemes completed mostly between 2005 and 2015 with more information in list format. Use the link under the map to open in a full screen.

Legacy Road Network

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Old road schemes and projects listed in the National Road Needs Study 1994-1999, completed by 2007. More information in list format.

Future Roads

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Personal suggestions for roads that would be desirable or will be required by 2040



Update 16/11/2018: There are finally end dates for the two schemes which are currently under construction. The M11 Enniscorthy bypass should open on 31st July 2019 and N25 New Ross bypass in August 2019. The website has put up some great images which are mirrored on Boards here and here.

Six years after construction began, the much benighted Gorey Motorway Services Area is set to open on 14th Feb 2019. Along with the East Athlone and Kilcullen areas, it was delayed by a lengthy court case which prevented it opening though it was structurally complete. The other two will open around next summer.

Update 09/10/2018: It has been a long time since the last update. This is because there really is not much going on - many planning decisions are progressing very slowly and it won't be until next year that new starts can be expected to start coming on stream.

Today is Budget day, and it has been announced that the Dunkettle interchange and N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin dual carriageway will be funded next year, so they are likely to be new starts within the next 12 months. The N22 Macroom-Ballyvourney road was meant to start next year too, and may already be funded, so the fact that it wasn't mentioned today may not be significant. In the next few months the TII should give us more of an idea what schemes in the pipeline can be expected to make planning progress in 2019.

There is still no planning decision on N5 Ballaghderreen-Scramoge, despite it being promised back in July. The latest news is that it will be forthcoming in November.

The Galway Bypass required cabinet approval to move to the next stage, which has been forthcoming. It will now seek planning permission, with the submission expected by the end of this month and an oral hearing next year. It is reasonable to expect a lot of planning objections due to the scale of this project and how transformative it will be for the city, as well as the disruption during construction.

The Enniscorthy bypass is making good progress and is now expected to be complete in April 2019 instead of summer. However the news with the New Ross bypass is not as good, as its bridge component has been progressing slowly and so the whole scheme is not expected to open to traffic until summary 2019. Here are some pictures of it, and a long shot from a nearby mountaintop.

Update 17/07/2018: The construction company Sisk have been awarded the construction tender for the huge M8/N25/N40 Dunkettle interchange project, which involves rebuilding a roundabout to a fully freeflow junction. For now, they will work on design, with construction not until the first quarter of 2019.

On the 4th July, the €220M M28 Cork-Ringaskiddy motorway has been approved by the planning board. The Cork Evening Echo mentions an "M48" link road - it is unclear what this refers to and may involve connecting the new road to the N27 Airport Road. 2024 is the target completion date.

At some stage in the process, it was decided that since it is intended to reclassify the N40 as a motorway, there would not be any non-motorway sections of this new road north of the townload of Barnahely just west of Ringaskiddy. Therefore I have changed the colour and metadata of this road on this site.

The approval has come as welcome news to the city of Cork, the government, and local politicians, but not local residents, as detailed in the Irish Times article linked above. Although the planning board deny there will be any negative effects on the local community, it seems hard to believe that a HGV route would not have adverse consequences for an area of residential suburbia, given that pollution levels from the HGV sector are off the charts. The light at the end of the tunnel is that by the time this road opens in 2024, it is likely that electrification of the transport sector should be well underway, which will mitigate negative environmental effects. The effect on noise levels is harder to ascertain though.

Finally, work on fitting out the services area on the M11 at Gorey will begin shortly and is expected to take 4 months to complete, so we should see the opening of this facility in November.

Update 09/07/2018: The construction company Sisk have been awarded the construction tender for the huge M8/N25/N40 Dunkettle interchange project, which involves rebuilding a roundabout to a fully freeflow junction. For now, they will work on design, with construction not until the first quarter of 2019.

On the 4th July, the €220M M28 Cork-Ringaskiddy motorway was approved by the planning board. The Cork Evening Echo mentions an "M48" link road - it is unclear what this refers to and may involve connecting the new road to the N27 Airport Road.

2024 is the target completion date.

At some stage in the process, it was decided that since it is intended to reclassify the N40 as a motorway, there would not be any non-motorway sections of this new road north of the townload of Barnahely just west of Ringaskiddy. Therefore I have changed the colour and metadata of this road on this site.

The approval has come as welcome news to the city of Cork, the government, and local politicians, but not local residents, as detailed in the Irish Times article linked above. Although the planning board deny there will be any negative effects on the local community, it seems hard to believe that a HGV route would not have adverse consequences for an area of residential suburbia, given that pollution levels from the HGV sector are off the charts. The light at the end of the tunnel is that by the time this road opens in 2024, it is likely that electrification of the transport sector will be well underway, which will mitigate negative environmental effects. The effect on noise levels is harder to ascertain.

Planning permission for N5 Ballaghderreen-Scramoge single carriageway road

Update 11/06/2018: Some wondrous pictures have been taken of the M7 widening project between Naas and Newbridge in Kildare. They have been uploaded to [1], [2].

These ones were taken by Marno21. There are some dedicated posters who go to extraordinary lengths to get their photos.

Update 03/06/2018: A series of stunning images of the N25 Barrow Bridge have been made available on the Kilkenny People's website. Thankfully poster M17 has reposted them on Boards so a login isn't needed. It bears repeating that the scale of what is being built here really is astonishing for the size of the town.

As an additional treat, a drone video of the bridge has also been uploaded.

Update 26/05/2018: In a recent article an opening date has finally been announced for one of the three motorway service areas that are currently constructed but not open to the public:
"Up to 45 jobs are due to come on stream with the opening of a new motorway service station close to Moate in June of 2019.
A spokesperson for Circle K, formerly Topaz, confirmed the move to the Westmeath Independent this week hot on the heels of a recent rebranding of the fuel and convenience retail giant, and a €35 million investment in four sites, including the new service stop along the M6 at Fassagh next year.
The development of the new 24-hour service station close to Moate will boast the full Circle K offering with full deli, fuel and convenience store, the company spokesperson said, adding that it will be fully owned and operated by the company rather than a franchisee. Some €35 million of that figure is earmarked for four sites in the next 18/24 months, including new stations between Athlone and Moate, and Gorey in Co Wexford.
Progress on the controversial 24-hour motorway service stop along the M6 had been held up for over two years due to a legal challenge centred on the contract process by the former NRA for design, build, operation and finance of the service station and shop businesses in Moate and Kilcullen, as well as the fit-out and operation of the third facility along the M11 near Gorey."

Good news for the N5 Westport-Turlough dual carriageway. This has moved to tender and is now likely to start construction in 2019 - not 2020 as previously envisaged - as announced by Minister Michael Ring.
"THE Minister for Rural and Community Development Michael Ring has welcomed the news that the N5 Westport to Turlough road project will go to e-Tender for the procurement of a main contractor.
Mayo County Council will be working with TII in progressing this scheme. The total cost of the investment in this project is approximately €170 million which includes land, construction and all other costs."
Update 29/04/2018: Progress is slowly but surely being made on the huge bridge over the River Barrow as part of the N25 New Ross bypass. These pictures are reposted from the scheme's Facebook page.

The New Ross Standard has a detailed article on the progress so far. Here is an excerpt:
Work has begun on the main span of the Barrow Bridge starting with travellers being erected to facilitate the construction works. A BAM Iridium spokesperson said: "The River Barrow Bridge is progressing with three sections of the deck poured on the west side of the River Barrow and the support falsework being erected on the east side of the river." The first pour was expected towards the end of March. The travellers, which are bespoke designed falsework, are being erected at Pier 4 and on the west side of the river and will support the falsework for pouring the deck. "They will 'creep' along pouring the deck itself from previously poured sections."
Most of the local roads that cross the route have had the structures installed with traffic now passing through in the next few weeks. "We will be putting final surfaces on the roads, installing safety barriers and signage," the spokesperson said. The N25 at Glenmore is in Phase 3 of traffic management. "This will allow us to finish the underbridge and complete the roundabout - the next Traffic Management switch is planned for the end of April."
Just one update from the M11 Enniscorthy bypass on this occasion: a very stark black and white shot of a high-level overbridge.

The N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom dual carriageway has gone to tender. If all goes according to plan and with a decent level of funding this should start in late 2019. This is a bit sooner than the currently programmed date of 2020.

Update 03/04/2018: On a recent road trip, some pictures of the M17 have been uploaded and linked on the page. It was a very nice evening for a spin. The route taken was Athenry (from the Galway side) as far as the first roundabout on the Tuam bypass.

Update 25/02/2018: Some excellent pictures have been scraped from the official N25 New Ross website and reposted on Boards and SkyscraperCity. They are well worth a look.
[1], [2], [3]

Update 17/02/2018: Yesterday the government's long awaited Ireland 2040 planning document and the associated investment-focussed National Development Plan were revealed. The list of roads to be progressed as part of this were leaked some time ago, but they bear repeating. They are listed on page 43 of the National Development Plan and a map is shown a few pages afterwards.

Here is a summary of the largest elements which have moved into active planning, giving their total lengths and standards:

N2 Ardee to south of Castleblaney and N2 Clontibret to the Border: 55 km of dual carriageway
N4 Mullingar to Longford and N4 Carrick on Shannon: 68 km of dual carriageway. An additional 14 km will start construction in 2020.
N11 Oilgate to Rosslare : 35 km of dual carriageway
N13 Ballybofey Stranorlar Bypass, N13/N14/N56 Letterkenny Bypass and Dual Carriageway to Manorcunningham, N14 Manorcunningham to Lifford : Total of 40 km of dual carriageway in the Letterkenny area.
N17 Knock to Collooney: 50 km of dual carriageway
M20 Limerick-Cork: 96 km of motorway
N24 Cahir to Limerick Junction and N24 Waterford to Cahir: 81 km of dual carriageway

M50 Dublin Port south access: This one wasn't expected to be progressed so soon, as previously it had a target date of 2035. It will see the entrance to the Dublin Port Tunnel at East Wall Road connected to the south docks area either underground or using a high level bridge. A tunnel is more likely due to the need to avoid shipping.
N3 Clonee to M50, M4 Maynooth to Leixlip, M11 from Jn 4 M50 to Kilmacanogue : These are all motorway widening/conversion to motorway.

Update 04/02/2018: In a post on Boards, the user M17 has shown some photos from the M11 Enniscorthy bypass. They show overbridges in various states of construction. The project won't be complete until 2019.

Update 26/01/2018: It has been confirmed that planning permission will be lodged for the N6 Galway City Bypass by the end of February. 40 houses will need to be demolished to make way and a further 10 will become uninhabitable. These latter houses will probably be knocked down too. Based on the length of time it will take to process the application, and that an oral hearing will need to be held afterwards, we can expect a decision by the end of this year.

Common sense has prevailed on the new M20 Limerick-Cork motorway as it has now been confirmed by the Taoiseach Leo Varadkar that it will follow the original alignment, that is, it will parallel the existing N20 closely, passing to the west.

Update 21/01/2018: The lack of funding for a crucial upgrade of the N11 at Bray has been criticised in the media:
The only funding for N11 improvements included in the 2018 allocation is €100,000 for the N11 Kilmacanogue parallel service road. The works at Kilmacanogue will address safe access to and from the petrol station on the southbound lane..... Capacity will need to be increased as far south as junction eight (Kilmacanogue) to cater for current and projected traffic demands. South of Kilmacanogue and as far as Coyne's Cross, there is no need to increase capacity, but to bring this section of the corridor up to the required standard, existing direct access and left on/left off junctions should be closed or reconfigured.
The sections in question are:
M11/M50 junction at Bray (Junction 4) to Kilmacanogue (Junction 8): Widen to 6 lanes, reorganise junctions, close side access, build parallel roads.
Kilmacanogue to Coyne's Cross (Junction 14). Reorganise junctions, close side access, build parallel roads and (perhaps) upgrade to motorway.

Traffic levels on this section of N11/M11 very close to Dublin are high. According to NRA Traffic Data, they are showing as 77k and 69k on the Bray motorway bypass, and 51k south of Kilmacanogue.

Update 11/01/2018: As anticipated, widening work has now begun on the M7 mainline at Naas.

Initial work on the Dunkettle Interchange upgrade in Cork has begun. The photo accompanying the article shows clearance work at this location.

The list of schemes in planning has been updated for 2018. They are collated in this detailed post. Minor schemes are listed here. A number of schemes, some of them new and some which have been kicking around for many years, are now formally described as being in planning. They are:

    1. N2 Ardee-Castleblayney and Clontibret-NI Border: This is the new N2 dual carriageway that was previously mentioned on this site. Together with the A5 scheme in Northern Ireland, this will create a high quality Dublin-Derry route.
      N3 M50 to Clonee: The non-motorway part of the N3 near Dublin will be widened to 6 lanes, have side accesses closed, and probably be redesignated motorway.
      N3 upgrade near Dublin: This may be inside the M50 as otherwise it would seem to overlap with the previous scheme.
      M4 Maynooth-Leixlip: Widening to 6 lanes. There used be a related scheme to convert the N4 from the M50 to Leixlip to a motorway, but this seems to have dropped off the radar.
      N5 Ballaghaderreen to Longford: Previously mentioned here. New single carriageway road.
      M7 Junction 28 upgrade: New scheme to improve the M7 junction east of Limerick. It is currently a large roundabout.
      M50/M11 to Kilmacanogue: Widening of some of this section to 6 lanes. Closure of side roads, some realignment. Hopefully redesignation to motorway but don't hold your breath.
      Four Donegal schemes: N13 Ballybofey/Stranorlar BP, N13 Letterkenny DC Upgrade, N14 Letterkenny to Lifford, N56 Letterkenny Relief Road. The N14 scheme will connect with the new A5 on the other side of the border.
      M20 Cork to Limerick: Previously mentioned.
      N40 Motorway Reclassification: Confirmed here, this is a new plan to convert the N40 Cork South Ring Road to motorway, a 14.9 km stretch. This is an interesting development as it probably means that the Cork North Ring road (mentioned below) will also be motorway. Necessarily a section of the M8 from Dunkettle to south of Glanmire (junction 18) would have to be renumbered M40 in order to connect the south and north parts. If all this was done, Cork would have a motorway around the city on the north, east and south sides.
      N52 Ardee bypass: Previously mentioned.
  • Regarding timescales, the above can be expected to get underway once the current Capital Plan is done. All Capital Plan schemes should be under construction by 2021. A few, such as the N52, will start sooner as they are smaller.

    Schemes which are in the "pipeline" (i.e. still many years away from construction, coming after the above schemes) include:
    1. N2 Ashbourne-Kilmoon Cross : This extends the improvement of the N2 from Ashbourne about 5 km further north. The standard hasn't been specified so it may only be minor online widening.
      N3 Virginia Bypass: The last town on the N3 to be bypassed.
      N4 Carrick-on-Shannon to Dromod and Mullingar-Roosky: This would extend the Dublin-Mullingar dual carriageway as far as Carrick-on-Shannon in Leitrim.
      N11/N25 Oilgate-Rosslare Harbour: This is the final and most southerly part of the N11 to be improved and there is online speculation that Enniscorthy-Wexford could be motorway while the remainder will be mostly online dualling. This would also complete euroroute E01 in Ireland.
      N14/N15 to A5 Link: Needed to connect the future N14 Letterkenny-Lifford road to the new A5 dual carriageway.
      N17 Knock to Tobercurry and Collooney-Tobercurry: Atlantic Corridor schemes to create a high quality route from Donegal to Cork.
      N21 Abbeyfeale relief road and Newcastlewest relief road: Previously a new N21 dual carriageway was on the cards. Instead these two town bypasses will be built, presumably as single carriageways.
      N22 Farranfore to Killarney: This will be a single carriageway that extends the future Cork-Killarney dual carriageway towards Tralee.
      N24 Cahir to Waterford and Cahir-Limerick Junction: This is a major new announcement that will see around 90 km of new dual carriageway on the Waterford-Limerick road. This is part of a larger idea to connect Rosslare port with the Shannon port at Foynes. These two schemes are assumed to supersede all previous N24 schemes.
      N25 Waterford-Glenmore: This plugs the gap between the Waterford and New Ross bypasses.
      N25 Carrigtwohill-Midleton: Upgrade of the existing dual carriageway. May include widening.
      N40 Cork North Ring Road: Will probably be progressed with the M20 and completes most of the ring road around Cork.
      N52 Tullamore-Kilbeggan
  • Update 23/12/2017: A dedicated website to the M7 Widening Scheme is giving 6th Jan 2018 as the date when widening of the mainline will start. Currently work on the associated Sallins Bypass is taking place. The whole project will be done by 2019.

    Unfortunately a planning decision on the M28 motorway from Cork to Ringaskiddy has again been pushed back, and will now be announced on 13th April 2018.

    Update 16/12/2017: In a major announcement by the Department for Transport, the 35 kilometre N5 scheme from Ballaghaderreen to Strokestown has now commenced planning, and two other schemes have been bumped up to 2018 construction starts.

    As part of the single carriageway N5 scheme, Strokestown, Tulsk, Ballinagare and Frenchpark will be bypassed:
    "The government has been given approval for a major upgrade of the N5 between Ballaghaderreen and Scramoge.
    The Minister for the Environment has this evening confirmed that the multi-million euro project is to go to An Bord Pleanala for planning approval which will also kick-start a process of compulsory purchase orders along the route.
    The money for the project is already ring-fenced once it reaches this stage and the development is seen as a major step in enhancing one of the busiest national routes in the country."
    At either end, the new road connects to other recent improvements; to the west, the Ballaghaderreen bypass (2014) and to the east Scramoge (2004). Another article on the scheme features a map, and this one has a podcast about the making of the CPOs.

    However some locals have expressed concerns that the new route will deprive the bypassed towns of passing trade. In the past, the N5 was in such bad shape that journeys from Dublin to places in the west of Ireland like Westport took so long that motorists stopped for refreshments numerous times. However with all the improvements made in the last few decades the journey time has dropped considerably and any town that relied on passing trade will have gone into decline (though there are other forces at work). So in this case there may be justifiable fears over the new road's effects.

    In other news, the N52 Ardee Bypass, which had languished in obscurity for many years - first being in planning, then suspended, then back in planning - is now headed for a 2018 construction start. The 4.5 km road will be built to single carriageway standard. Also planned to break ground in 2018 is the N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin dual carriageway in Sligo. This extends the dual carriageway south of Sligo town a further 14.7 km.

    Update 07/12/2017: There has been another setback for the Galway Bypass. The can has been kicked down the road again, with a planning application now not due to be made until mid-2018, as reported. There is no confirmed start date for construction though it can be assumed to be around 2021.

    Some more pictures of the M11 Enniscorthy Bypass are available. These were put up on the project website, and mirrored in an easier to read format on They show many major structures making progress and some long shots of the earth formations passing through the land.

    Update 24/11/2017: Just two quick updates. Previously it was speculated that the N22 Ballyvourney to Macroom might start a year early, in 2019. Unfortunately this now will not be happening and it's back to 2020 for the scheme.

    Better news for the N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin project, which has gone to tender.

    Update 13/11/2017: In light of the recent news that the new N21 Adare-Rathkeale road will be motorway, a new M21 page has been created to track its development. As of now, it is expected that this should be completed by 2024.

    Update 10/11/2017: I contacted the TII and asked for an update on the three new Motorway Service Areas that were tied up in court until recently. They responded with a timeline of activities:
    "Thank you for your email of 5 November 2017 regarding the Tranche 2 motorway service areas. The position in relation to your enquiry is as follows.
    Following the resolution of the procurement challenge to this contract award, Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII) has resumed negotiations with the preferred bidder. TII is working with the preferred bidder on all of the documentation which is required to close this contract award. It is likely that the contract will be signed by TII early in 2018, and that construction works would commence on site around the middle of 2018, allowing for the Design Period. It is estimated that the construction period for the service areas on the M6 at Athlone and M9 at Kilcullen would be approximately 12 to 15 months for full completion, however, the Gorey service area is expected to be completed within 3 to 4 months."
    The above would indicate that the M6 and M9 MSAs will open around Q3 of 2019, and the M11 MSA in October 2018.

    Separately, it has been reported that work is now visible on the M7 widening scheme. It is now marked as under construction.

    Update 05/11/2017: A year ago TII announced planning on Tranche 4 of the Motorway Service Areas programme. Now according to the dedicated site for the tranche, expected completion dates have been announced. The M3 and M6/M17/M18 services areas are planned to open in 2019, and the M18 area should open in 2020.

    Using a drone and pulled from the New Ross bypass website, a collection of spectacular construction photos have been cross-posted to photobucket and 1, 2.

    Update 01/11/2017: The latest blog post on the N21/N69 Foynes-Limerick scheme website provides some new information on this project. In June, it was stated that another junction would be provided, either east or west of the village of Croagh. The update is that the junction will be east of the settlement, which makes sense as most traffic can be assumed to be going to or from Limerick as it is the nearest major city:
    "The Rathkeale to Adare Junction Study indicated a slightly positive benefit from the provision of a Junction. Two potential junction locations, Option A (West of Croagh) and Option B (East of Croagh) were identified following the decision to provide an additional junction between Rathkeale and Adare. Following consultation with interested parties and assessment, Option B (East of Croagh) has been selected as the preferred option."
    The latest map document is here, though this looks like a temporary storage location. The 80-metre planning corridor has been finalised and appears in solid blue. Somewhat less of the existing Rathkeale bypass will be used than was previously the case, and the junction west of Askeaton will be a roundabout. Interestingly, a reference is made to a motorway order:
    "Work will also continue on the preparation of the statutory documents such as the Environmental Impact Assessment Report and Motorway Order."
    This means that the N21 element will almost certainly be a motorway. A new page for same will be created soon.

    Note that the N69 element will not be a motorway, though it will be unusual in an Irish context: a grade-separated single carriageway road.

    In addition, a motorway service area will be provided, though not necessarily built at the same time. This is mentioned on the map document:
    "Additional lands will be required for a Service Area, Drainage/Flooding issues, Access Roads and due to severance etc."
    The map on this site has been updated.

    Update 18/10/2017: A spectacular aerial shot from a drone of the new N25 New Ross bypass shows the progress so far.

    The Irish Examiner has published an excellent article on the country's road deficit:
    "Currently 55 projects in 23 counties are on the list - the number has varied little in recent years and many of those included feature repeatedly.

    They range from roundabouts, realignments and local relief roads to long stretches of dual carriageway - projects costed at anything from tens of thousands of euro to many millions.

    At the moment there is also a motorway project - the M20 Cork-Limerick route which the Taoiseach announced last Friday would be included in the new national Capital Investment Plan to be published next month - so while no funding has been allocated for it just yet, it appears its suspension has been suspended.
    National roads make up just 5,300km of the 97,000km of roads in Ireland - fewer than 6% of the total network - yet they carry 45% of the nation's traffic so their significance far outstrips their size."
    Update 16/10/2017: The Taoiseach has announced that the N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom dual carriageway scheme has been moved forward from 2020 to 2019. This is good news as this section of the road is currently very low standard:
    In his speech before Cork Chamber of Commerce, Mr Varadkar said it was his intention "to bring forward the M22, the Ballyvourney to Macroom Road, allowing it to go to tender next year, with construction the year after".
    Update 13/10/2017: Prolific poster "M17" is at it again, this time photographing up close the N25 New Ross scheme and M11 Enniscorthy bypass.

    N25: [1], [2], [3]
    M11: [1], [2] (a culvert to allow a river to flow under the road).

    The October Budget for 2018 was announced but for now it's a bit light on detail on upcoming road projects, and hasn't confirmed any new ones. It does mention however that €15M will be spent on the M20 between Limerick and Cork over the next four years. This is enough to get it planned, designed and ready to build, so it is looking quite likely it will start in 2021. If so it should be done by 2024. The Taoiseach, Leo Varadkar, tweeted today that the project is officially back on.

    A webpage covering the revised Capital Spending Plan up to 2021 includes a Capital Tracker document which lists the expected completion dates of all the major road schemes coming up in that period. Some are conservative - for example the N5 Turlough-Westport dual carriageway is not expected to start until 2021 but previously this was to be ready in 2019. For now we will have to wait until details of the revised Capital Spending Plan are revealed.

    Update 27/09/2017: Today, after 2 years and 9 months of construction, the M17/M18 motorway scheme opened to traffic. It connects the town of Tuam, northeast of Galway, to Gort, southeast, and ties into the existing M18. The scheme measures 57 km and this completes the M18. It also marks the creation of a new motorway, M17. There is now a continuous motorway or high quality dual carriageway between Limerick and Galway. This marks the first time this has been achieved between two Irish cities where neither is Dublin.

    A map of the route can be seen here.

    As always, the M17/M18 thread on is full of the latest photos and updates. The Saw Doctors, an Irish rock and folk band from the 1990s, were contacted for comment.

    Update 23/09/2017: The tender for widening and rebuilding the M7 from Naas to west of Newbridge has been awarded to SIAC/Colas JV. It has been reported that work is to start immediately. Work on widening the motorway to 6 lanes will be complete by 2019 and the rest of the elements by 2020. The road will remain open throughout the duration.
    From the Irish Times article:
    "The construction work will include six new structures, including two bridges over the river Liffey, a bridge over the Grand Canal, the new Osberstown Interchange bridge over the M7 motorway and a minor road bridge carrying Osberstown Road over the Sallins bypass. The Sallins bypass bridge under the main Dublin Cork railway line will be constructed by Irish Rail under a separate but parallel contract."
    From the KildareNow article:
    "This project which also covers a new interchange at Millennium Park and the Sallins Bypass should be completed by Spring 2020 with the much needed widening of the M7 to be completed by Autumn 2019."
    Update 10/09/2017: Good sense has prevailed! The new M17/M18 motorway will open almost as soon as it is completed. According to a report in the Connacht Tribune back in August, the road will open on 27th September 2017:
    "The new Gort to Tuam M17 motorway is due to officially open, ahead of schedule, next month. Galway East Independent T.D Sean Canney says the route will be officially opened on September 27th.
    The opening follows three years of construction by the Direct Route consortium and more than a decade of planning.
    Deputy Canney said it's vital that towns such as Tuam, Athenry, Loughrea and Gort are prepared to benefit from the opening of the motorway. He said he will be pressing IDA Ireland to engage with clients to put forward a case for foreign direct investment along the corridor route. Speaking to Galway Bay fm news, Deputy Canney said the opening of the M17 motorway on September 27th will enhance travel times for motorists."
    Today, a cycle event took place along the whole route including the dual carriageway Tuam Bypass. Dedicated poster M17 has some photos.

    Update 24/08/2017: Another minor design update has been put out for the N6 Galway bypass. The main change is to the Doughiska interchange in east Galway which has had its layout tweaked again.

    There seems to have been progress on getting the M17/M18 project to open sooner than November. The motorway will be completely finished in only a few weeks. Now it seems it may open in early October.

    Fingal County Council in Dublin are planning an improvement of junction 2 on the N3 at Blanchardstown. The overbridge will be duplicated and approach roads widened. Plans are discussed from a cycling perspective here.

    Update 31/07/2017: poster Geogregor has taken a stunning series of photos of the new high-level bridge that will form the New Ross bypass in Wexford. They can be seen in this post, and this, and this.

    Plans are advancing for a new Motorway Service Area near the future junction of the M6, M17 and M18 west of Athenry, as reported in the Connacht Tribune:
    The masterplan for a controversial service station on the M6 near Oranmore has been published online. The project is being led by Transport Infrastructure Ireland under its national motorway service area plan. Following a site selection study, a preferred site for the development was identified around 5.5km north east of Oranmore, in the townload of Lisheenkyle West. Concerns have been raised that the proposed service station would be in competition with the Galway Plaza development at the Loughrea junction on the M6. The developments would be under ten minutes apart for motorists travelling on the route.
    Update 30/07/2017: News has emerged that the N52 Ardee Bypass, previously announced for the 2015-2021 period but not funded, has now secured financing. This is according to the Minister for Transport and appears on the website This Is Ardee:
    Minister for Transport Shane Ross has today confirmed that the Ardee bypass is to proceed - after funding was secured and made available for the long awaited project.

    Independent councillors Kevin Callan and Jim Tenanty have told today that they have received confirmation from Ross that the bypass has finally been given the go-ahead, after years of waiting and false dawns on the major project.
    Late last year, the western bypass for Ardee - seen as the key to alleviating the town of its traffic gridlock problems - was made a priority case by Transport Infrastructure Ireland, meaning it has moved up the list of projects awaiting funding to begin.

    The lands on the north-west side of the town have long been been acquired and the only obstacle standing in the project's way is the financial allocation needed. The project has been 'shovel ready' since the acquisition of those lands.
    The single carriageway road will be 4 km long and its route is indicated on this map.

    The article also mentions an upgrade to dual carriageway for the N2 between Ardee and south of Castleblayney (likely route). This was confirmed by another article on the same site which quotes a councillor as saying that funding has been approved for such a scheme but without confirming who approved it:
    Speaking on Thursday, Fine Gael TD for Louth Fergus O'Dowd welcomed the announcement. "I welcome the news that funding will be made available for an online upgrade of the N2, extending from North of Ardee to the south of the Castleblayney Bypass.

    "I have been in constant communication with the Minister for Transport, highlighting the need for this piece of infrastructure," O'Dowd added.
    The N2 has already been improved as it passes Castleblayney and further to the north. Costs have not been confirmed.

    Update 27/07/2017: Pictures have been put up on the N25 New Ross website showing progress on structures and earthworks. Of particular interest are these: [1], [2], [3], [4], [5].

    The M11 Enniscorthy website has also been updated, though as usual the pictures aren't great - all taken from a long way up: [1], [2].

    An aerial image of the site preparation works for N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom is shown in this article.

    Update 18/07/2017: The Government has announced that a rainy-day fund into which they had previously committed to paying €1 billion per year will now be scaled down and there will be an extra €500 million available for capital spending each year between 2019 and 2021.
    The underground railway project, Metro North, now seems likely to be moved forward for Dublin, and the M20 motorway between Limerick and Cork will very likely be built. There have not been any specific projects mentioned so far, however, and the 500 million will be across all capital expenditure - public housing, education, schools, roads and public transport.

    An article in the Irish Times claims that the M20, if built, would create up to 5,400 jobs and generate €128 million in accident savings, lost time due to congestion and economic effects. RTE has published a full summary of the business case for the M20, if you want a longer read. Pages 11-13 cover potential accident reduction (2.4 fatalities per year) and 14-19 cover the economic benefits.

    Update 26/06/2017: Some decent photos the N25 and M11 schemes: bridge abutments for the bridge over the River Barrow, part of the N25 New Ross project, and a large bridge for the M11 at Solsborough. This bridge is actually for the N30 dual carriageway segment of the scheme and will cross a road, a railway line, and the river Slaney in one go.

    Update 19/06/2017: It has been confirmed by an insider working closely with the M17/M18 project that the road will open early to traffic, in November of this year and not February 2018 as officially indicated. The exact date will be Friday 3rd November 2017. However, works will be completed in September so there will be 8 weeks of road testing before the public is allowed onto the facility. The short Tuam Bypass element will open even earlier, in August.

    Although it's a fairly minor scheme, it has been confirmed that work on the single carriageway N56 Letterkenny-Kilmacrennan project will commence by the end of 2017:
    "McHugh confirmed that tenders for the new road will be issued in four weeks' time with work due to begin before the end of this year. The new Blue Banks road - minus the bends - will be completed by mid-2019."
    A design update has been put up on the website for the N21/N69 Limerick-Foynes scheme. The map provides greater detail than previously seen. The main change is that a junction will be added at Croagh east of Rathkeale. This will either be immediately west or east of Croagh.
    It seems that some of the 1990s Rathkeale bypass will be made redundant by the scheme, with the new route paralleling it. At the new junction on the bypass that provides onward N21 access and forms the start of the new N69, the bypass westwards will still be the N21, but the eastern part of the bypass will become a link road connecting the existing N21 east of the town to the new junction.
    The new N69 will be a grade-separated single carriageway road, with a roundabout west of Askeaton. It is still not confirmed whether the new N21 element will be a motorway, but it will almost certainly be built to sufficient specifications to make this possible. The new road flows from the old at the M20 Attyflin junction without any roundabouts. The N21/N69 scheme requires a very large number of over and underpasses for a relatively short scheme - 22 are visible on the map, in addition to 3 interchanges.

    Another video has been placed on Youtube showing footage of the N25 New Ross bypass under construction. The video is mostly of the bridge abutments.

    Update 21/05/2017: Planning permission has been lodged for the M28 Ringaskiddy road. The dedicated site has been updated, and detailed drawings are here. A text-based description is in this document.

    Interestingly, it seems that the whole route has been submitted as motorway (from the site: "10.9km of mainline motorway from Bloomfield to Barnahely"), and not just from Carr's Hill south. Since this conflicts with previous announcements and descriptions, it may be that they know it will get knocked back a bit so are highballing it to start with.

    A service area, located within the Port of Ringaskiddy where the scheme begins, is also included, and appears on p.21 of the above PDF drawings document. Since it is described there as "LV & HV SERVICE AREA" (light vehicle and heavy vehicle), it seems that it is intended only for trucks and not general traffic. This is also evident from the parking arrangements in the diagram.

    A concession made during community consultation is to retain the offramp at Mount Oval, which only serves that estate, though greatly lengthened and improved. Residents of this area will not be able to make the reverse movement, however, so for commuter traffic this ramp will only be useful in the PM rush hour. It is possible that an overbridge may eventually need to be provided here to add the missing movement.

    The existing N28 will be retained from Maryborough Hill south. A new connector between Carrigaline Road and Maryborough Hill (map) will be provided. North of here the existing road will be subsumed into the motorway so non-motorway traffic will need to divert. The new route for Maryborough Hill traffic onto the M28 northbound will be somewhat convoluted. Motorists will need to use the new connector to get south to Carrigaline Road, then use the new roundabout to enter the M28 northbound, and basically come back up the way they came. Issues such as these have resulted in some opposition to the road, which seems to lack numbers but is no less vocal.

    Update 08/05/2017: Further concrete details on the plan to develop a Galway City bypass have been made available. The last city in Ireland to be bypassed - and arguably an even more crucial project than the bypasses of some other large settlements in the state - will be "shovel-ready" by 2021 and, if started that year, would be completed by 2024. A planning application will be lodged this summer. From the article:
    ARUP Consultant Engineers, told a meeting of the City Council late last year, that the project would be 'shovel ready' by 2021 and be completed three years later, subject to planning approval.
    According to ARUP, the project has been costed at €593 million, and will, when completed, have the status of an urban motorway with hard shoulders and a central concrete median.
    Two tunnels for the project - at Galway Racecourse and the Lackagh Quarries site - have been scaled back considerably in size from the original plans, but 42 houses along the route will still have to be demolished, according to ARUP.
    Cllr Keane has warned that politically, Galway needs to 'keep its eye on the ball' to ensure that it stays on top of the priority list for transport spending, especially in the context of proposals being advanced for the Limerick-to-Cork motorway.
    Note that funding has not yet been announced - at nearly €600M, this won't be cheap. Although this project appeared in the 2015 Capital Expenditure Plan for infrastructure, it was listed as a project that would be "progressed" during the timeframe - i.e, not necessarily funded and commenced construction by the plan's end in 2021. A new plan will surely replace the current one in that year and the bypass must be one of the first items to move to construction.

    Intriguingly, a motorway order has also been issued. Before, it was confirmed the road would be "urban motorway" but this didn't necessarily mean there would be motorway traffic restrictions, just that the physical standard of the road would be identical to a motorway. It isn't specified which parts will be motorway - we must wait until Q3 this year to find out when the order maps will be made available.

    To sighs of relief all round, it was reported today that the legal challenge over the current group of three motorway service areas (MSAs) has been dropped in the Commercial Court. This has been going on for around 2 years. Although the MSAs had their on and offslips built and ready by mid-2015, and in one case the forecourt was completed and ready for fit-out, the sites never opened to traffic and have lain empty for the last 2 years. In the case of the completed facility, a 24/7 security presence was required to prevent break-ins, a shocking waste of money - €14,000 a month.

    The article confirms that all 3 facilities will be completed and opened within a year. The locations are east of Athlone on the M6, Kilcullen on the M9, and Gorey on the M11. Hopefully the TII will then continue with the next tranche of MSAs - there is still none on the very long M7 or M8. As reported a year ago, the next 3 will be "on the M3, the southern half of the M18, and the M6 immediately east of Galway".

    Update 06/05/2017: A tender for construction of the Dunkettle Interchange east of Cork city has been issued. This huge interchange will create a 43-structure freeflow connection between the N8, N40 and N25, currently served by a large roundabout. Numerous changes to surrounding roads and junctions will also be made, including the reinstatement of the old road which was severed upon the completion of the current layout, but as a one-way slip road allowing Cork City to Junction 1A (Little Island) access. This lane will run parallel to the railway line that also traverses the site and can be spotted here and here. Diagrams are here and a layout document is here.

    Officially this scheme will not start until 2019 but it seems increasingly likely this could happen in late 2018, which is good news for the chronically-congested area.

    Although a route alignment for the M20 parallel to the existing N20 was established many years ago, there have been repeated calls recently to re-examine alternatives. One idea that has floated around for many years is to build the new motorway between Mitchelstown and Limerick and use the existing M8 from there to Cork (map). Another idea is to upgrade the N24 Limerick-Cahir and direct traffic from Limerick along the new road and then use the M8 from Cahir to Cork (map). This would be far, far longer than the current N20 route, though it would have the advantage that the Limerick-Waterford route would be greatly improved too. There are plans to eventually do this anyway, as well as the Cork-Waterford road.

    Plans to upgrade the N11/M11 west and south of Bray have been talked about for years, and recently the TII released another study of the corridor. The main report is here and the appendices here. PDF pages 58-68 of the appendices document detail potential improvements to increase the capacity of the route. The Journal has summarised the situation. Since the plan isn't included in the current round of Government transport investment, however, little can happen for the foreseeable future.

    The M17/M18 motorway is looking nearly finished according to prolific Boards poster "M17". The Tuam Bypass element is particularly advanced. It certainly looks like Tuam's new road will open within months, and not in 2018 as officially advertised.

    Apologies for listing all the 2017 updates as "2016" - this has now been corrected.

    Update 03/04/2017: There is now news coming out that the Tuam bypass may open in advance of the rest of the M17/M18 scheme:
    The Tuam bypass is being constructed along with the M17/M18 motorway and was due to be open in November but now there is a belief that this section may be brought into use much earlier.
    According to Cllr Shaun Cunniffe from Tuam, the bypass could be open as early as August.
    He said that he had been in discussion with engineers who are attached to the overall €550 million project.
    However, as yet, there has been no official confirmation of this from the government.

    Update 26/03/2017: The latest pictures of the N25 New Ross bypass are showing significant progress in the construction of major structures. The pylons for the centrepiece bridge haven't yet taken shape though.

    Update 16/03/2017: The traffic count graphs have all been updated for 2016. The increases on routes such as the M50 and N7 are quite startling. The information is sourced from

    Update 31/01/2017: Three high quality photos of the bridge over the River Barrow that forms part of the N25 New Ross project have been put up on Boards. They show the abutments that the bridge ends will be launched from. These look about ready to start taking bridge supports.

    Update 07/01/2017: Some amazing aerial photos have appeared on Boards of the Rathmorrissy M6/M17/M18 interchange under construction east of Galway. They were probably taken with a drone and are well worth checking out.

    The road scheme funding allocations for 2017 have been reported on Boards. The source information was taken from here (TII Allocations 2017) and summarised. Although nothing is officially planned to start construction in 2018, but many schemes will in 2019, it seems that a few schemes are going to be very close to construction by end 2017 judging from the funding allocations. In particular this would include:

    - N4 Collooney to Castlebaldwin
    - N5 Westport to Turlough
    - N22 Macroom to Ballyvourney

    It seems hard to believe that these will not start until 2019. They will almost certainly be shovel ready by the end of this year.

    The small N59 Moycullen Bypass is receiving €2M which may be enough to nudge it over the line before long.
    Also, a part of N56 Tralee-Dingle will be able to start this year.
    It is noteworthy that planning has restarted on a few Donegal schemes, a county with a backlog of road schemes. These projects have been moribund for years now.
    Intriguingly, a small €300k allowance has been granted for the "N3 Upgrade near Dublin". It was mentioned in a Dublin Transport investment plan recently that the short non-motorway part of this dual carriageway near Dublin was slated to be upgraded to motorway by around 2030, so it looks like some movement may be taking place on this now.

    Update 18/12/2016: A few details about the N6 Galway Bypass have now been confirmed by consultants. It seems it was planned as a basic 2+2 dual carriageway but it has now been decided to go ahead with full HQDC (high quality dual carriageway) including a concrete central barrier and stopping lanes. In order to reduce cost and improve ease of operation, the two tunnel elements have been shortened. The tunnel under the Galway Racecourse has been reduced from 840 metres to 230, and the one at Lackagh from 530m to 240. These reductions were achieved through realignment.

    There is also a solid starting date, 2021, though this is subject to planning permission being granted without delays. This date would see the highway completed by 2024. There will be a glass noise barrier on the bridge deck as the road crosses the River Corrib. The finalised cost will be €593 million.

    Update 19/11/2016: A newsletter has been released detailing progress so far on the N25 New Ross bypass scheme. Although large-scale works have yet to begin, the centrepiece bridge is being designed in detail and :
    "The construction works for the River Barrow Bridge are progressing with emphasis currently on foundations and ground works. The excavations for foundations and access roads at the three bridge piers on the Kilkenny side of the river are ongoing. On the Wexford side of the river, works are developing around the foundations of the piers located on the eastern bank."
    An aerial photo of the Wexford side is here.

    The M11 Enniscorthy Bypass is reported to have made a lot of progress on construction of minor structures such as culverts with major structures starting soon. The trace on the landscape of the future motorway is clear with all topsoil cleared. The images show some examples.

    Detailed plans have been placed online for the Galway Bypass. There will be a short tunnelled section at the Galway Racecourse and a viaducted part over the limestone landscape north of Menlough. Many houses are in the way and will be demolished.

    The speculation on whether the Tuam Bypass will open ahead of the rest of the Tuam-Gort scheme continues. Since the whole scheme is being built under a legal contract, it seems unlikely as the contract would have to be amended. We could end up with the bypass reaching completion next year but having to remain unopened until the finalisation date of February 2018.

    The TII (Transport Infrastructure Ireland) sat with the Government transport committee recently and a poster on Boards has summarised the 2-hour video for our information. Certain schemes have ongoing design but no funding available within the current capital plan period (up to 2021). Some highlights:

    N52 Ardee Bypass is shovel ready but not greenlit.
    N4 Mullingar-Longford dual carriageway is shelved for now.
    N5 Ballaghaderreen to Scramogue is being designed but no funding.
    M20 Cork-Limerick: Restarted. Expected to move to planning permission by 2020. N72 Mallow Bypass expected to be bundled in.
    M21/N69 Limerick-Foynes: Will move to planning permission next year.
    N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom: Site preparation next year.
    N60 Castlebar-Claremorris: Will be done as minor schemes, but no funding.
    M8/N40/N25 Dunkettle: Construction will start in 2019.

    Update 31/10/2016: The N6 Galway Bypass is making progress, slowly but surely. Some news has been posted on the official site - it is expected that planning permission will be sought in 2017, and detailed plans will be made available in the next few weeks as negotiations with landowners are wrapped up. Looking beyond that it seems we could see this move to construction by 2019/2020.

    Update 18/10/2016: A further stage has been reached in the development of the N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin dual carriageway, with the publication of the tender for engineering consultancy for the scheme. On 17/03/2016 on this site it was announced that the ground investigation works contract had gone out. The project certainly looks like it will start construction by 2018.

    Budget 2017 was announced but there is little to be excited about for next year. It was confirmed that the M7 widening project and the Grangecastle Business Park access roads will be the only two major schemes to go ahead to construction in 2017.

    Update 27/09/2016: The N15 Ballybofey-Stranorlar (Twin Towns) bypass was refused planning permission some years ago. So much time has now passed that the TII is demanding that studies be redone. This will set back this project many more years:
    "Cllr Liam Blaney says new studies are being demanded by Transport Infrastructure Ireland, formerly the National Roads Authority, on three projects ; the Manorcunningham Roundabout to Lifford Road, the Twin Towns bypass and the Bonagee Link."
    It has been confirmed here that the N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom scheme will start in Q1 2020:
    "Shane Ross: There was a question on the Ballyvourney-Macroom road. Perhaps Mr. Mullaney could respond."
    "Mr. Dominic Mullaney: The question of whether it can be accelerated will depend on next year's mid-term review and, perhaps, on the budget available to the TII next year. It is due to start in the first quarter of 2020, but it could be brought forward if additional money were available."
    The TII has announced Tranche 4 of the motorway service area development. This will provide service areas on the M3 between Clonee and Blundelstown, the M18 between Sixmilebridge and Ennis and the M6 between Oranmore and Athenry. A map showing all existing and planned MSAs is also on that site.

    The situation with the other 3 tranches are as follows:

    M1 Lusk, M1 Castlebellingham, M4 Enfield: Open
    M9 Kilcullen, M11 Gorey, M6 East Athlone : Built but not open, tied up in court
    N28 Ringaskiddy and N69 Foynes to Limerick : To be built when these new roads are constructed in the next 5 years

    Update 19/09/2016: Atkins has been awarded the contract to build the M7 Naas-M9 widening project. They expect to start "early to mid-2017" and be done by end 2019.

    Separately, a large pharmaceutical company, GE Healthcare, will kick off construction early next year of a medical manufacturing campus at Ringaskiddy, Cork. This can only increase the pressure to deliver the M28 Cork-Ringaskiddy motorway.

    Update 04/09/2016: A comprehensive 90-minute video presentation by TII (Transport Infrastructure Ireland) and hosted by Engineers Ireland was done in May of this year. It covers public transport (in Dublin) as well as national roads throughout the country and is well worth watching the whole way through. The presentation itself is here.

    The most interesting part (from 42:22 to 55:55) covers briefly each major road scheme coming up during the current 2015-2022 investment programme. For each, it states the cost, the length and the standard - though it's a bit light on start dates. It confirms the standards the N21/N69 scheme elements will be constructed to. There will be no motorway sections. The N21 will be standard dual carriageway (D2AP) and the N69 single carriageway.

    Update 27/08/2016: Due to the rapid progress the M17/M18 project is making, it was speculated here that it might open a little earlier than February 2018. Back in June, it was confirmed by WorldHighways that the M17/M18 scheme will indeed open early, in November 2017.

    Update 20/08/2016: Some photos of the M11 Enniscorthy bypass works are now available on the construction company's website. Here are direct image links and the exact location: [1] taken here, [2] taken here, [3] taken here.

    The ground appears very dry - from looking at the images' EXIF info they were taken on 9th August. From here on we can expect a greater level of activity on this scheme now that topsoil strip and levelling is nearly done. The contruction of bridges and underpasses will be next.

    Update 23/07/2016: The N25 New Ross bypass project, with its impressive bridge, is finally starting to warm up a bit. A website is now online, and although it's a bit lightweight for now, it reveals that the anticipated completion date is April 2019, and there will be a live webcam coming online when major structural work starts in Q3 of this year (October onwards).

    Update 10/07/2016: The new minister for Transport, Shane Ross, has confirmed that when the government's Capital Spending Plan is reviewed next year, the planned M20 motorway between Cork and Limerick will be re-examined. This appears to be contingent on breaking the project into phases - which would be a perfectly good way to deliver it as some sections (the middle part in particular) need the upgrade more urgently than others. Here's hoping the road will be given the attention it deserves when the time comes.

    The Current Road Programme has had the start dates updated for all upcoming schemes based on the latest information. Most of them seem to be happening in 2018. To avoid having too much going on in one year, though, it's more likely the start dates will be staggered a bit, so expect a group to begin then and the rest in 2019. The intention is to have everything in the spending plan completed by 2021.

    Update 25/06/2016: The Preferred Route has been announced for the new N81 dual carriageway that includes a bypass of Blessington. This is mapped on the National Secondary Routes map.

    The government has released its Summer Economic Statement on the state of the country's economy. In the foreword on page i, the following interesting statement is made:
    "Our public investment rate fell during the crisis years and the Government is conscious of the need to boost the supply of critical infrastructure. The public capital plan1 provides for €42 billion of capital investment over the 2016-2021 period and the Government remains committed to this. In addition, the Government will propose for Oireachtas approval an additional €5.1 billion in capital spending over this period. This ambitious programme of capital spending is aimed at addressing infrastructural bottlenecks, particularly regional infrastructural shortages. Creating deeper infrastructural linkages between the stronger growth hubs and other parts of the country will help to spread growth more evenly and hence address some of the regional imbalances that have emerged in recent years. Achieving a more equal regional distribution of economic activity is at the core of the Programme for a Partnership Government."
    The above €5.1 billion sounds tantalisingly like it could be spent on the much-needed M20 project between Cork and Limerick. Of course there are very important rail projects in the Dublin area that could benefit from this too.

    Update 10/06/2016: The tender for the M7 widening scheme from Naas to Newbridge has been issued. The closing date is 15th July. There has been no change in the planned start date of works, so it is presumed that these are still on track to kick off in April 2017.

    Update 30/05/2016: Things are starting to look good for the proposed M20 Limerick-Cork motorway, as this news article reveals:
    The Department of Transport has confirmed proposals to build a motorway between Limerick and Cork may be resurrected in the coming months.
    ... In response to comments by Minister Simon Coveney, this Wednesday, a spokesperson for the department said the matter is likely to be reviewed. "The Department can confirm it is expected that the position of the N20 Cork to Limerick route will be looked at as part of the proposed mid-term review of the Capital Plan," he said.
    Since the mid-term review will not take place until 2018, there have also been calls for the planning process to be restarted now so that 2 years are not lost.
    It can only be hoped that common sense will prevail as there are few transport projects as badly needed as this in the whole country.

    Update 02/05/2016: Details of the new roads that were mentioned on p.74 of the Draft Transport Strategy for the Greater Dublin Area 2016-2035 have now been added to the Full Scheme List page and the scheme map. All are listed as being complete by 2035, though of course it will be sooner in reality.

    Update 11/04/2016: There is a scheme expected to get underway by this summer which will upgrade most of the N86 Tralee-Dingle road, including removing some of its hairpin bends.

    It measures 28 km but is in two disconnected sections - the route through the village of Annascaul will not be bypassed.

    The scheme, which extends from Dingle to the village of Camp, seems like it is in an isolated area, but receives significant tourist traffic in summer months. Detailed design drawings [25Mb] are available on Kerry County Council's website.

    Update 09/04/2016: Dedicated photographer "M17" on the M17/M18 thread on has been photographing the scheme since work started last year.
    Here is a selection of his photos:

    The mainline [1], [2], a cutting [1], [2], an overbridge under construction, a newly completed roundabout with blacked-out signage, a newly opened overbridge at Cartymore on the R339, and a stunning aerial photo of the new N63 overbridge and connecting roads at Annagh Hill.

    Finally, this photo from yesterday (8th) shows the amazing level of progress at Corofin, south of Tuam. It's clear that the road will be completed in and around this part far in advance of the rest.

    Update 04/04/2016: Surprisingly and a little disappointingly, it has been reported that the M17/M18 motorway east of Galway will not have a phased opening, despite some sections being far more advanced in construction than others. This is from the Connaught Tribune article:
    "The new Gort-to-Tuam motorway is on schedule to be completed, as planned, in early 2018 and the 57-kilometre project will be opened at the one time.
    However, the contractors have ruled out any possibility of the Tuam bypass being opened ahead of schedule - motorists had been hoping that this part of the scheme would have been fast-tracked.
    In other news, some adjustments have had to be made to the planned route of the N28/M28 Cork-Ringaskiddy road, in order to satisfy requests from local residents. This is revealed in the official site, where detailed route alignment drawings have been made available. The new route will be dual carriageway from the city as far as Carr's Hill interchange, and motorway thereafter - not all motorway as was previously believed. It will now consist of 8.6 km of motorway, 2.3 km of high quality dual carriageway, and 1.6 km of single carriageway. The map on the M28 page has been updated to reflect this change.
    Interestingly, it is also mentioned on the official site that a Motorway Services Area at Ringaskiddy is due to form part of the project.

    Update 19/03/2016: A minor scheme that slipped under the radar somewhat is the 4.5 km improvement of the N84 Galway-Castlebar road south of Headford. This scheme involves 3 km of online widening and 1.5 km of new build single carriageway and is a very big improvement on what currently exists along that section. This map illustrates the upgraded section and a Youtube flyover video shows the progress that has been made. Work started last August and should be complete by June of this year.

    Update 17/03/2016: Tenders are being sought for the M7 Naas-Newbridge widening and improvement, according to a recent announcement. It looks like it is still on track for a start in April 2017.
    The latest phase in the building of a new bypass going by Sallins and the subsequent upgrades to the M7 have begun as tenders are now being officially sought.
    Deputy James Lawless has welcomed the news that Kildare County Council have officially begun to seek tenders for the Sallins Bypass and upgrading of the M7. The project includes the M7 Naas Newbridge Bypass Upgrade, M7 Osberstown Interchange and R407 Sallins Bypass.
    A contract for ground investigation works has gone out for the N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin scheme. Hopefully this new road south of Sligo should be ready to start within the next two years or so.

    Detailed design plans are now available for the M11 Enniscorthy scheme, starting after PDF page 66.

    The mothballed M20 motorway between Cork and Limerick is surfacing in the media quite regularly:

    Irish Examiner : "Cork-Limerick motorway benefits 'outweigh costs' "
    Transport Infrastructure Ireland senior engineer Richard Bowen said the overwhelmingly positive findings in the 2010 research remain relevant today. ...
    If a 2017 mid-term review of the capital plan does not give the M20 proposal the go-ahead, motorists could face a further 15-year wait.
    Evening Echo : "Taoiseach Rules Out Cork-Limerick Motorway"
    "Money is not available for Cork to Limerick. It won't be there until we can continue to keep this economy recovering. It is amazing how the expectations grow just as the economy starts to improve. If that money was in position now, we wouldn't be hanging around."
    Although there is no plan to build it, the government did acknowledge last year that the decision would likely be reviewed in 2017. Considering how important the scheme is, it can only be hoped that it makes progress this side of 2020.

    Update 08/02/2016: All traffic counts have been updated for 2014 and 2015.

    It seems that a last minute change has been made to the Enniscorthy bypass, reported in the Enniscorthy People, which was meant to terminate right before the village of Oilgate, County Wexford :
    "Minister Brendan Howlin made the announcement at the sod turning for the New Ross bypass on Monday... [He] said even though the contract for the works was signed and the design works had the bypass finishing on the Enniscorthy side of Oylegate, an agreement was reached whereby the bypass will now end on the Wexford side."
    The existing N11 runs right through the middle of this village. The bypass will now extend to the south of this village. An updated route has not been defined, but it is assumed it will follow the one defined in the N11/N25 Oilgate Rosslare Harbour project. This follows the existing road before looping around to the east of Oylegate.

    Update 28/01/2016: Contract signing has taken place for the N25 New Ross bypass. This long-anticipated scheme features a 900-metre signature bridge across a 36-metre deep valley and will be built by BAM. The town lies along the bottom and traffic currently has to make its way down a steep hill, through narrow streets, and up another hill. The project will consist of 13.6 km of dual and 1.2 km of single carriageway and is costing €230M, funded by a European Investment Bank (EIB) loan. The route is the Waterford to Wexford and Rosslare road and the town is the only major non-bypassed settlement on the entire N25 (Cork-Rosslare) route. Work is due to start in March and it is anticipated that the new road and bridge will open in 2019. More info is on this site's N25 page and a map showing the future route is here. News items and press releases are available from TII, Minister Paschal Donohoe and the Irish Times.

    The same Irish Times article also confirms that work has now began on the new M11 Enniscorthy bypass. There are now two motorway schemes simultaneously under construction nationwide. This new road to the east of the town on the Dublin-Wexford N11 road is expected to open in 2018.

    A high-quality aerial photo of the M6/M17/M18 junction under construction at Rathmorrissey west of Athenry has been posted by dedicated roadfan Geogregor from Poland. It shows the overbridges, large roundabout and slip roads starting to take shape.

    On the Galway Bypass front, the latest news is that detailed design is continuing and planning permission is expected to be sought by Q3 2016. Hopefully this would clear the way for construction to start in 2017.

    Sadly, news is not so good for the development of new motorway service areas (MSAs). There are now 3 completed facilities which cannot open for business due to being stuck in legal limbo. They are on the M6 east of Athlone, the M9 at Kilcullen, and the M11 at Gorey.

    The next three MSAs to be built, according to the official site, will be on the M3, the southern half of the M18, and the M6 immediately east of Galway. Along with the 3 already open on the M1 and the M4, there would then be 9 in total, but another 10 are planned. Since progress has been slow so far, we could be waiting many years for these.

    Update 13/01/2016: A particularly amazing video of speeded-up drone footage of the M17 construction site is on Youtube. Noteworthy is the large amount of water on and around the site near the end of the clip. Some of this is a turlough, according to Google maps aerial imagery, but it can be seen that severe flooding of the future Tuam bypass has occurred due to recent heavy rains.

    Update 27/12/2015: Some high-quality drone footage of the Tuam section of the M17/M18 project has been uploaded to Youtube. This section of the project is being built to standard dual carriageway spec with roundabouts. All other sections are motorway grade.

    TII (Transport Infrastructure Ireland) has announced its funding allocation for 2016 for the national road network. Sadly, it does not say that any new schemes will get underway next year (barring the already-announced N25 New Ross bypass) but simply that land purchase and design work will proceed. Specifically mentioned are the N4 Collooney-Castlebaldwin, N5 Westport-Turlough and the N22 Ballyvourney-Macroom schemes, though the language used leaves the door open for other schemes to make progress too.

    Update 10/12/2015: It has been confirmed by eyewitnesses that some work has finally begun on the M11 Enniscorthy bypass, so it is now listed as under construction on the Current Programme page. Contract sign for this was back in October and it should be completed by 2018.

    Update 01/12/2015: A preferred route has been announced for the new Limerick to Foynes road to replace the N69. The project proposes to replace a good length of the N21 southwest of Limerick, bypassing Adare and continuing as far as Rathkeale. From there, a new road will head north to the port of Foynes, with a link road to the village of Askeaton on the existing N69. To see this mapped out, open the "Current Road Programme" map on the right in a new window and zoom in to the area.

    The plans that have been put on public display, as well as having detailed maps of the new alignment, also indicate the route options that were considered. One of these, the red route, followed the existing road closely, while the rest bypassed Adare before following various paths to Foynes. Adare sees high levels of tourist traffic and had an average of 16,000 vehicles per day in 2015. Since a bypass has been urgently required for many decades at this point, the fact that the chosen route to replace the Limerick to Foynes road doubles up as an Adare bypass is a neat trick. Note that the Adare bypass will pass to the north of the town; previously, a standalone scheme that passed to the south was refused planning permission.

    It will be interesting to see how this is numbered. It is not clear whether the existing N69 will be downgraded in which case the part from Rathkeale to Foynes will need a new number. It is also not yet decided what standard this will all be built to. Traffic near Adare is high enough to warrant a motorway, and indeed the new road there will be an extension of the M20 motorway, though this would not necessarily indicate that the new N21 will also be. The part from Rathkeale to Foynes is unlikely to be any more than a single carriageway, but with a limited number of access points. Traffic levels on the Askeaton-Foynes segment were 5,800 vehicles per day in 2015.

    Note that there was a plan to build an Adare-Abbeyfeale dual carriageway; part of this will be provided by the present scheme, reducing the needed length from 45 to 33 km.

    Update 23/11/2015: The Public Private Partnership (PPP) funding model has been successful in Ireland over the years for getting large road projects off the ground and delivering at scale. Recent examples are M11 Wicklow-Arklow/N7 Newlands Cross combined package which was completed in 2015 and M17/M18 Gort-Tuam which is underway. Next is M11 Enniscorthy and N25 New Ross which will both start in January 2016. (Formerly these were a single package but they have been decoupled.) The Galway Bypass was described as a PPP many years ago, but it is unclear now if this is still the case. It will start either way probably around 2017 when legal and other planning hurdles are cleared.

    Beyond these, there are no other PPPs planned for the foreseeable future, and certainly not until at least after 2021. What schemes would be suitable? Here is a list of proposals:
    • M20 Blarney - Mallow 31.2 km & N22 Cork Northern Ring Road 10.3 km
    • M20 Mallow - Croom 45.5 km
    • M50 Sandyford-Bray Widening/N11 Bray-Ashford Widening & Reconstruction (30 km in total)
    • N24 Pallasgreen - Cahir 38 km
    • N21 Rathkeale - Abbeyfeale 33 km
    • N17 Knock-Tobercurry-Collooney (50.7 km total):
      N17 Collooney - Tobercurry 12.5 km;
      N17 Tobercurry Bypass 10 km;
      N17 Tobercurry Bypass - Knock 28.2 km
    • N4 Mullingar - Longford - Rooskey 47.3 km
    The M50/N11 scheme was mentioned in a previous post since it appears in the Greater Dublin Transport Strategy document. It is included here because it will be by far the most expensive Dublin-area road upgrade needed in the coming years.

    Update 21/11/2015: Over at Wexford Hub, some articles have been written up on the upcoming Enniscorthy and New Ross bypass construction projects, accompanied by maps. In particular, the New Ross article provides a fascinating timeline of the process that bypass has had to go through in order to get to this stage.

    Update 18/11/2015: During the boom years of the 2000s, a cross-border co-operation plan was hatched with the Northern Ireland Executive whereby the Republic would contribute to the development of certain roads in the North if they were deemed to have certain economic value to the Republic due to being part of long-distance routes that crossed the border.

    The A8 to Larne and the A5 from Aughnacloy (near the Monaghan border) to Derry were selected. Both were high quality dual carriageways. Since then, the A8 has been completed - it opened fully to traffic in April 2015. However, the A5 has endured setback after setback.

    In November 2011 the £400M that had been pledged for the A5 was withdrawn, with the Irish government citing lack of available funds. The scheme was split into smaller parts - Derry to Strabane and Omagh to Ballygawley. Due to quarrels over the priority of new starts, no progress has been made on these either, and in Autumn of this year, a crisis gripped the Northern Ireland Assembly (government) - political deadlock risked bringing governance of the province to a complete halt.

    However, it has now been revealed that a deal has been struck, and part of that includes a renewal of the Republic's pledge to fund the A5. (Note that this article erroneously states that the originally promised amount was 400 million euro instead of pounds). Another article specifies that the amount to be contributed on this occasion is €107M, to be spent between 2017 and 2019. The splitting of the works mean that the money can be spread over a longer time period - it seems that 2017 would be the start date for the two currently planned schemes.

    Update 16/11/2015: Last month, a draft Transport Strategy for the Greater Dublin Area 2016-2035 was released. It contains proposals for new and improved transport infrastructure for Dublin and the surrounding hinterland. It includes many public transport projects and cycling initiatives, and several road proposals on p.74. In an update to this site on the 22nd October, the potential upgrade to motorway standard of the N7 from the M50 to Naas was mentioned. This is confirmed in the strategy document, although the improvement is described as a 'reconfiguration' rather than upgrade to motorway.

    In addition, several other road upgrade ideas are mentioned:
    • Further widening of the M1, probably as far as Balbriggan, described as 'capacity improvements', and some junction upgrades
    • Widening of the N3 from the M50 to Clonee and junction improvements
    • Reconfiguration of the N4 from the M50 to Leixlip
    • Widening of the M50 from Sandyford-Bray
    • Reconfiguration of the N11/M11 from Bray to Ashford (Jct 14) - the point where the dual carriageway gives way to motorway - it seems that an upgrade to motorway or as near as possible is intended here
    • A new road (standard not given) between the end of the Port Tunnel in Dublin Port to the south port area. Presumably this road would need to be in a tunnel as it would be hard for a bridge to have sufficient clearance for shipping.
    The N3 change is noteworthy as it is both late in coming and fairly easy to do as a wide median was created back in 1992 when this stretch was dualled.

    Many of these were anticipated on the Motorway Widening section of the Futures page on this site with detailed discussion here. Particularly challenging will be improvements to the N11 from Bray to Ashford - proposals are here, here and here that consider ways this could be achieved. The terrain is difficult, highly environmentally sensitive, and the building density is high along the corridor, making widening and other changes very hard.

    Since the N4 from the M50 to Leixlip was widened to 6 lanes and converted into a near-motorway back in 2009, it is not apparent what the 'reconfiguration' of this stretch could possibly involve. Perhaps some junction layouts are to be tweaked. The document does not mention motorway widening of the M4 Leixlip-Maynooth stretch, which is starting to run above capacity.

    Finally it is confirmed that up to the horizon year of the plan (2035), no work will take place on the Leinster Outer Orbital motorway (referred to as M45 on this site), though its route will be kept clear of development for possible later implementation. Additionally, only the part of the M50 Dublin Eastern Bypass given above, in the docks area, will be progressed. The remainder south to Sandyford will remain a protected corridor but no building work will take place.

    Update 07/11/2015: Although not many improvements are planned for Ireland's National Secondary trunk roads, a new map page has been created for them. It mostly consists of town bypasses, with the exception of the N81 dual carriageway replacement of the Tallaght-Blessington road in Dublin and Wicklow.

    Update 22/10/2015: This has come as a bit of a surprise, but it seems plans are afoot to upgrade to motorway the whole of the N7 Naas Dual Carriageway from the M50 to Naas. Information is drawn from an item on an EU tendering website. The text is reproduced below:
    The objectives of the "N7 Junction 1 (M50) to Junction 9 (Naas North) Motorway Scheme" is to upgrade the existing dual three lane carriageway section of the N7 between Junction 1 (M50) and Junction 9 (Naas North) to a Motorway. Kildare County Council seeks the services of a competent Civil Engineering Consultant experienced in Major Civil Engineering Works to act as Client's representative. Tenderers are requested to provide engineering consultancy services to Kildare County Council in connection with the "The N7 Junction 1 (M50) to Junction 9 (Naas North) Motorway Scheme". The Consultant will undertake the role of Project Supervisor Design Process (PSDP) for all contracts associated with the commission up to the publication of the Preliminary Appraisal Report. The specific scheme objectives are;
    • Upgrade the N7 from Junction 1 (M50) to Junction 9 (Naas North) to a motorway.
    • Closure of existing median openings.
    • Removal of all direct private accesses
    • Upgrade of all compact grade separated junctions.
    No timescale or funding is identified for this scheme.

    This idea was anticipated on this site in the Futures section. The accompanying map illustrates all the junction changes, new parallel roads and side access closures that would be needed. Note that it was assumed that the upgrade would only go as far as Rathcoole, leaving a few miles of lower standard road between there and the M50 due to the large number of side accesses. However, the officially proposed scheme goes all the way to the M50.

    Update 20/10/2015: There are now three MSAs (Motorway Service Areas) completed around the country, but not opened to traffic - due to legal action currently making its way through the courts. The areas are on the M11 at Gorey, M9 at Kilcullen and the M6 east of Athlone. Hopefully this situation will be resolved shortly as the lack of services on the new motorways is a problem in many parts of the country.

    Last week, the contract for building the M11 Enniscorthy bypass was signed and work is estimated to begin in January 2016. This new road will see 27 km of new motorway east of the town, an 8-km single carriageway link to the N80 northwest of the town, and a 4 km dual carriageway link to the N30 Waterford road to the west. See the M11 page for a map and other details.

    The equally ambitious M7 widening scheme now has a confirmed start date of April 2017, with some preliminary work getting underway next year. The works would see 11.5 km of the M7 widened from 4 to 6 lanes from east of Naas to the split with the M9 near Newbridge. A new junction 9A would be built at Osberstown, north of Naas. A bypass of the village of Sallins would connect to this new junction. This bypass would consist of 1.6 km of dual carriageway and 2 km of single. Additionally, junction 10 will be entirely reconstructed, and will connect with a different road. Currently the junction intersects with a road leading to M7 Business Park and Newhall Retail Park (map link). The newly built junction will interface with the R445 (old N7). All of this is badly needed as at rush hour every evening, improvements to the Naas dual carriageway from Naas to the M50 at Dublin have resulted in traffic arriving at the 4-lane motorway faster than previously, and it is not able to cope.

    Finally! Biggest and best news. It has been confirmed that the new N28 from Cork to Ringaskiddy, which had always been planned as HQDC, will go ahead as motorway. As a result, I have created a new page for it, giving details of its construction and the timetable for that, together with a map. It will consist of 11 km of motorway and 1.5 km of high-quality single carriageway. The northern part of this will be an online upgrade of the existing dual carriageway. It is planned to commence construction in 2019 and to finish up in 2021.

    Numerous maps of the scheme, and discussion around its economic justification, can be found by opening the scheme's official site and clicking Public Display. In particular, this document gives a detailed overview of the context of the scheme. A close look at the single-carriageway part at the Ringaskiddy end can be found here, and the full route corridor is mapped out here.

    It is also planned to provide a motorway services area on the new road, as mentioned on page 12 of this policy document.

    Update 13/10/2015: With the prospect of a new round of road schemes coming up soon, the first in a long time, the Google map showing recent and upcoming road schemes has been split. One map covers everything built between 2005 and 2015. The new one covers everything that is due to take place after 2015. Links to both maps can be found linked in the right hand panel of this page.

    Update 30/09/2015: Finally, the Government's eagerly awaited capital spending plan has been announced. It encompasses commuter railways, hospitals, schools, universities, broadband, social housing and roads. This is the first time spending on roads has increased since 2010, due to the many years of austere budgets in Ireland due to the economic crisis. The plan covers the period 2016-2022.

    RTE has some videos on the announcement: [1], [2]  and several articles: [1], [2]
    The Department of Transport has more detail on their site.

    Here is a summary of the programmed schemes:

    N4 Collooney to Castlebaldwin (2+2)
    N5 Westport to Turlough (2+2)
    M7 Naas-Newbridge road widening (6-lane motorway), new Junction 9A & Sallins By-Pass (single carriageway/SC)
    N8/N25/N40 Dunkettle Interchange
    N22 Ballyvourney to Macroom (2+2)
    N56 Dungloe to Glenties (SC)
    N56 Mountcharles to Inver (SC)
    N59 Moycullen By-Pass (SC)

    Additionally, the following schemes have not yet received planning permission but will be progressed:

    N2 Slane Bypass (2+2)
    N6 Galway Bypass (HQDC)
    N28 Cork to Ringaskiddy (HQDC/SC)
    N21 Adare Bypass (D2AP or HQDC) & N69 Limerick to Foynes (D2AP or SC, probably a combined scheme)
    N72 Mallow Relief Road (SC)

    To the surprise and disappointment of many, there will be no work taking place on the much-needed M20 motorway between Cork and Limerick. It had been hoped that at least the central section at Mallow would move ahead on this occasion. The existing road has never received any major upgrades.

    Finally, it now seems that work will commence in November on the already-programmed N25 New Ross bypass and the M11 Enniscorthy Bypass. Previously these were planned for early next year so we will see:
    "Director of Services with Wexford County Council's Roads Department, Eamonn Hore told this newspaper that the contracts will be signed in the first or second week of October and work will begin shortly afterwards.

    Mr Hore said: 'All preliminary works are completed and work should start in November. The timeline has gone from vague to definite and the contracts should be signed now in the first or second week of October. All court and property issues have been finalised. There is nothing remaining to be done apart from signing the contracts.'

    BAM PPP PGGM and Iridium consortium were announced as the preferred tenderers for the new bypasses - which are expected to cost in excess of €600m - earlier this year. As well as being responsible for constructing the schemes, the consortium will be responsible for their operation and maintenance over a 25 year period."

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